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How to evaluate the need for Pentagram notation reform



A. The development of Pentagram notation has already reached its acme. Today, on account of historical evolution, its technique has difficulty keeping up with the demands of musical development.
   The reform is an inevitable consequence of this.

B. Pentagram notation has limitations, such as the need for an excessive use of ledger lines and substitute signs in order to respond to the demands of application, this causes difficulties in study, practice, and publishing.
   The need for reform arises also from demands for efficiency and timesaving.

C. The note-reading system of Pentagram notation has non-identical laws. In particular the "Alto clef" presents continuous variations that cause difficulty in study and usage. Not having unified and standardized rules to apply within the score, one often incurs inevitable contradictions and erroneous impressions concerning the relations between the vertical and horizontal elements of the score itself, as between listening and reading, which add confusion and effort in practical application.
   The reform is in conformity with the expectations of musicians.

D. In the attempt to standardize rationally the abstract and expressionistic notations that have emerged with contemporary and avant-garde music, the formal method of the Pentagram system has not succeeded in finding rules that are always valid. The more abstract the expression, the greater is the requirement for rigorous logic and law, which cannot be achieved with the Pentagram system.
   The reform is also useful in the encounter with new reflections and research.

E. The formal and mathematical structure of the Pentagram system, having neither unified laws of variation nor a rational logical nucleus, also causes limitations in the modernized scientific application of technical musical development. For example, it is impossible to create simple and efficacious software using the Pentagram system. The universal application and diffusion of such programs also proves to be difficult.
   The reform is a necessity of the progress of our times.

F. The more than 200 proposals of reform advanced over the past two centuries, even though unsuccessful, reflect demands widely shared among musicians, and amply demonstrate the inevitability of the reform of Pentagram notation.    The reform by now represents an inevitable historical mission that aims at recuperating the heredity of the past and creating a breakthrough towards the future.


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